Frank E. Loy
Frank E. Loy was sworn in as Under Secretary for Global Affairs on November 2, 1998, replacing Timothy E. Wirth. He was confirmed by the Senate on October 21, 1998.
Mr. Loy has had multiple careers: He has served the federal government three times, twice in the Department of State; has served as a senior business executive; has led an American foundation; practiced law in Los Angeles; and been active in numerous not-for-profit organizations.
From 1980 to 1981 he served as the Director of the State Department's Bureau of Refugee Programs, with the personal rank of Ambassador. From 1965-1970 he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs. In that role he negotiated numerous international bilateral air transport agreements, represented the U.S. at meetings of international organizations such as ICAO and IMCO, and was vice-chair of the U.S. delegation to the multinational negotiations that successfully created the present structure of INTELSAT, the organization that operates the space segments of the international communications network. Earlier he had served as Special Assistant to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency and as Director of that agency's Office of Policy Development.
He previously served as co-chair -- with Robert Shapiro, CEO of Monsanto Corporation -- of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee to the US Special Trade Representative, Ambassador Charlene Barshevsky. In the fall of 1996, Mr. Loy was Visiting Lecturer at the Yale Law School, teaching a course in international environmental law and policy. He served in 1994 as Chair of the Conference of Parties of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITIES), in which over 1,000 delegates from more than 120 countries and over 500 observers participated.
From 1981 to 1995 Mr. Loy was president of the German Marshall fund of the U.S., an independent American grant making institution with an annual budget of over $10 million and a capital fund of about $200 million. It is the only American foundation concentrating exclusively on issues affecting both Europe and the U.S., particularly in the fields of economics, politics and the environment. The Fund is also the managing partner of a consortium of American, European and Japanese foundations engaged in environmental grant making in Central Europe.
Mr. Loy served as Senior Vice President for International and Regulatory Affairs of Pan American World Airways during the period 1970-1973.
He spent the years 1974 to 1979 in the successful effort to bring the Penn Central Transportation Company out of bankruptcy. He served under contract, as president of the subsidiary that operated all the non-railroad businesses of the bankrupt company, including, among others, an oil pipeline, and oil refinery, the operator of the Six Flags theme parks, Arvida, the Florida land development company and hotel operator, and the Roosevelt, Biltmore and Barclay (now Intercontinental) hotels in New York City. When the bankruptcy terminated he became the President of the successor company, the Penn Central Corporation, listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
Since the last period of government service in 1981, Mr. Loy has served or chaired numerous board of directors of non-profit organizations, particularly in environment and fostering democracy in Eastern and Central Europe. These include: the Environmental Defense Fund, on whose board he has served since 1981 -- he was chair from 1983-1990 --; the Budapest-based Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, where he served from the time of his appointment in 1990 by the Bush administration until 1997; the league of Conservation Voters, the bi-partisan political arm of the environmental community; the Institute for International Economics, which he helped found in 1981; and the Foundation for a Civil Society -- where he currently serves as chair, which for the past 7 years has conducted programs promoting democratic institutions and Central and Eastern Europe, particularly the Czech and Slovak republics.
Educated in Germany, Italy and Switzerland in his early years, Mr. Loy went to public schools in Los Angeles from the age of 10. He earned a B.A. degree at the University of California at Los Angeles and an LL.B. at Harvard Law School. He lives in Washington with his wife, Dale Haven Loy, a painter, and is the father of two children, Lisel and Eric.
Released by the Office of the Under Secretary for Global Affairs on November 2, 1998
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