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The State Department web site below is a permanent electronic archive of information released online from January 1, 1997 to January 20, 2001. Please see www.state.gov for current material from the Department of State. Or visit http://2001-2009.state.gov for information from that period. Archive sites are not updated, so external links may no longer function. Contact us with any questions about finding information. NOTE: External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views contained therein.
U.S. Department of State

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Principal Officers of the Department of State


Secretaries of State
Secretaries of State, 1791-1997
Secretaries of State ad interim, 1798-1997
Secretaries of Foreign Affairs Under the Continental Congress, 1781-89

Deputy Secretaries of State
Deputy Secretaries of State, 1972-1997
Under Secretaries of State, 1919-1972

Under Secretaries of State with Functional Titles
Under Secretaries of State for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs, 1946-1997
Deputy Under Secretaries of State for Economic Affairs, 1955-1972
Under Secretaries of State for Management, 1978-1990
Deputy Under Secretaries of State for Management, 1949-1978
Under Secretaries of State for Political Affairs, 1953-1997
Deputy Under Secretaries of State, 1949-1953
Deputy Under Secretaries of State for Political Affairs, 1953-1969
Assistant Secretary of State for Political Affairs, 1947-1948
Under Secretaries of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, 1972-1997
Under Secretaries of State for Global Affairs, 1994-1997

Counselors, 1912-1994

Ambassadors at Large, 1949-1997

Assistant Secretaries of State for Geographic Areas
Assistant Secretaries of State for Inter-American Affairs, 1944-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for European, Far Eastern, Near Eastern, and African Affairs, 1944-46
Assistant Secretaries of State for for European and Canadian Affairs, 1949-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1949-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, 1949-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for African Affairs, 1958-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for South Asian Affairs, 1992-1997

Assistant Secretaries of State or Equivalents with Functional Designations
Legal Advisers, 1931-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Economic and Business Affairs, 1944-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Administration, 1944-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Public Affairs, 1945-1997
Chiefs of Protocol, 1946-1997
Directors General of the Foreign Service, 1946-1997
Directors of the Policy Planning Staff, 1947-1997
Directors of the Foreign Service Institute, 1947-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for International Organization Affairs, 1949-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Legislative Affairs, 1949-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Consular Affairs, 1977-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Intelligence and Research, 1957-1997
Inspectors General of the Department of State and the Foreign Service, 1957-1997
Executive Secretaries, 1961-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Politico-Military Affairs, 1969-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, 1975-1997
Coordinators for Counter-Terrorism, 1976-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Affairs, 1977-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 1979-1997
Directors of the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, 1979-1997
Chief Financial Officers, 1979-1997
Directors of the Office of Medical Services, 1980-1997
Assistant Secretaries of State for Diplomatic Security, 1985-1997
Directors of the Office of Foreign Missions, 1986-1997

Assistant Secretaries of State or Equivalents, Discontinued Positions
Chief Clerks, 1789-1853
Assistant Secretaries of State, 1853-1924
Second Assistant Secretaries of State, 1866-1924
Third Assistant Secretaries of State, 1875-1923
Assistant Secretaries of State, 1924-1944
Assistant Secretaries of State for Occupied Areas, 1946-1949
Assistant Secretary of State for Transportation and Communication, 1947-1949
Directors of the Bureau of German Affairs, 1950-1952
Assistant Secretaries of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs, 1961-1978
Inspectors General of Foreign Assistance, 1962-1977
Deputy Inspectors General of Foreign Assistance, 1961-1977
Directors of the Office of Management Policy, 1975-1989
Coordinators for International Communications and Information Policy, 1984-1993

Career Ambassadors, 1956-1997

Heads of Foreign Assistance Agencies, 1948-1997
Administrators of the Economic Cooperation Administration, 1948-1961
Administrators of the Technical Cooperation Administration, 1950-1953
Directors of the Mutual Security Agency, 1951-1953
Directors of the Foreign Operations Administration, 1953-1955
Directors of the International Cooperation Administration, 1955-1961
Administrators of the Agency for International Development, 1961-1997

Directors of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1961-1997

Directors of the U.S. Information Agency, 1953-1997

U.S. Trade Representatives, 1962-1997

Chiefs of Mission to International Organizations
European Union (Brussels)
International Atomic Energy Agency (Vienna)
International Civil Aviation Organization (Montreal)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Brussels)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (Paris)
Organization of American States (Washington)
United Nations (New York)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
United Nations European Office (Geneva)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (Vienna)
United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
United Nations Office (Vienna)
U.S. Office for Arms Reduction Negotiations (Geneva)

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