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Suggested Reading for the Foreign Service Written Examination

Books on the Foreign Service

AFSA: Inside the US Embassy: How the Foreign Service Works for Americans, 2101 E. Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20037.

Ball, G. W. Diplomacy for a Crowded World. Boston: Little Brown, 1976. ISBN 0316079537.

Berger, G. A Not So Silent Envoy: A Biography of Ambassador Samuel David Berger. New Rochelle: Hampton, 1992. ISBN 0963564102.

Berridge, G.R. Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (2nd ed.) (Leicester: Allandale Online Publishing, 1999), Glassbook ISBN 1-903328-00-4. (

Craig, G. A. and Gilbert, F. eds. The Diplomats, 1919-1939. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994. ISBN 0691036608.

Dockett-Mcleod, W. Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett: A Biographical Sketch of America's First African-American Diplomat. 1994.

Eban, A. Diplomacy for the Next Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. ISBN 0300072872.

The Foreign Service in 2001. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, 1992. LCCN 93-136602

Freeman, C. Arts of Power: Statecraft and Diplomacy. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 1997. ISBN 1878379658 (pbk.).

Freeman, C. The Diplomat's Dictionary. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 1997. ISBN 1878379666 (pbk.).

Hare, P. J. Diplomatic Chronicles of the Middle East: A Biography of Ambassador Raymond A. Hare. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, Washington, D.C.: Middle East Institute, c1993. ISBN: 0819189359.

Hutchings, R. L. American Diplomacy and the End of the Cold War: An Insider's Account of U.S. Policy in Europe, 1989-1992. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press; Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, c1997. ISBN 0801856205.

Jeffreys-Jones, R. Changing Differences: Women and the Shaping of American Foreign Policy, 1917-1994. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1995. ISBN 0813521661.

Locke M and Yost C. A. eds. Who Needs Embassies: How U.S. Missions Abroad Help Shape Our World . Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, 1997. ISBN 093474291X<

Macomber, W. The Angel's Game: A Handbook of Modern Diplomacy. New York: Stein and Day, 1975.

Mak, D. and Kennedy, C. S. American Ambassadors In a Troubled World: Interviews with Senior Diplomats. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992. ISBN 0313285586.

Mattox, H. E. Twilight of Amateur Diplomacy: The American Foreign Service and Its Senior Officers in the 1890s. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1989. ISBN 0873383753.

McGlen, N. E. and Sarkees, M. R. Women in Foreign Policy: The Insiders. New York: Routledge, 1993. ISBN 0415905117.

Nicolson, H. Diplomacy. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Institute of Diplomacy, 1989. ISBN 0934742529.

Ryan, H. B. A Brief History of United States Diplomacy. Arlington, VA: Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training, 1996. LCCN 97-218035.

Simpson, S. and Boichel, M. R., eds. Education in Diplomacy: An Instructional Guide. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University, 1987. ISBN 081916484X.

Spain, J. W. In Those Days: A Diplomat Remembers. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1998. ISBN 087338606X.

Stearns, M. Talking to Strangers: Improving American Diplomacy at Home and Abroad. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996. ISBN 0691011303.

Steigman, A. L. TheForeign Service of the U.S.—First Line of Defense. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1985. ISBN 081330167X.

Thomson, K. W. Traditions and Values in Politics and Diplomacy: Theory and Practice. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1992. ISBN 0807117420.

Other Helpful Reading

The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Crews, F. The Random House Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992.

Hennessy, M. The Random House Practice Book for Writers. New York: Random House, 1988.

Hirsch E. D. Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1993.

Strunk, W., Jr. and White, E. B. The Elements of Style. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1959. LCCCN 59-9950.

Time, U.S. News and World Report, The Economist

A major daily newspaper such as The Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, or the Boston Globe

Journals such as Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy

United States (society, customs and culture, history, government, political system, economy)

Arnold, D. R. Congress and the Bureaucracy: A Theory of Influence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1980.

Auster, A. and Quart, L. How the War was Remembered: Hollywood and Vietnam. New York: Praeger, 1988. ISBN 0275923835.

Ballantine, B. and Ballantine, I., eds. The Native Americans. Atlanta: Turner Publishing, 1993. ISBN 1878685422.

Barone, M. Our Country: The Shaping of America from Roosevelt to Reagan. New York: Free Press, 1990.

Beck, P.A. Party Politics in America, 8th ed. New York: Longman, 1997. ISBN 067399578X.

Boyer, P., et al. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People. 3rd ed. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1996. ISBN 0669415901.

Bradbury, M. and Temperley, H., eds. Introduction to American Studies, 2nd ed. New York: Longman, 1989.

Branch, T. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-1963. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989. ISBN 0671687425.

Burns, J.M., et al. Government by the People, 17th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998. ISBN 0132871785.

Carroll, P.N. and Noble, D.W. The Free and the Unfree: A New History of the United States,. 2nd ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1988. ISBN 0140228276(pbk).

Cheney, T.D. Who Makes the Law: The Supreme Court, Congress, the States and Society. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall 1998. ISBN 0134930819.

Clarfield, G.H. United States Diplomatic History: The Age Of Ascendancy, Vol. II, Since 1900. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1992. ISBN 01302932X.

Cummings Jr., M.C. and Wise D. Democracy under Pressure: An Introduction to the American Political System, 8th ed. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Pub., 1997. ISBN 0155031953.

Davidson, J.W., et al. Nation of Nations, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998. ISBN 0070157944.

Davis, S., ed. American Political Thought: Four Hundred Years of Ideas and Ideologies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996. ISBN 0132806290.

The Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. New York: Bantam Books, 1998. ISBN NUMBER: 0553214829 (pbk).

Destler, I. M. American Trade Politics: System Under Stress, 2nd ed. Washington,: Institute for International Economics, 1992.

Espiritu, Y.L. Asian American Women and Men: Labor, Laws, and Love. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Pub., 1997. ISBN 0803972555(pbk).

Faragher, J. M., et al. Out of Many: A History of the American People, 3rd ed. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999. ISBN 0139497609.

Feagin, J. R. and Feagin, C. B. Racial and Ethnic Relations. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999. ISBN 0136747221.

Fossum R. H. and Roth, J. K., eds. American Ground: Vistas, Visions, and Revisions—A Reader in American Studies. New York: Paragon House, 1988.

Garraty, J. The American Nation: A History of the United States, 9th ed. New York: Longman, 1998. ISBN 0321012968.

Ginsberg, B., Lowi, T.J., and Weir, M. We the People: An Introduction to American Politics, 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1999. ISBN 0393973182(pbk).

Githens, M., Norris, P., Lovenduski, J., eds. Different Roles, Different Voices: Women and Politics in the United States and Europe. New York: Harper Collins College, 1994. ISBN 0065013069.

Harley, S. Timetables of African-American History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. ISBN 0671795244.

Hirsch, E.D., et al. Cultural Literacy : What Every American Needs to Know. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1987. ISBN 039543095X.<

Howard, A. E. D., ed. The United States Constitution: Roots, Rights, and Responsibilities. Washington : Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992. ISBN 1560981202.

Janda, K., Berry, J. M., and Goldman, J. The Challenge of Democracy: Government in America, 6th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999. ISBN 0395907357.

Kitano, H. H. L. and Daniels, R. Asian Americans: Emerging Minorities, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1995. ISBN 013315859.

Kluger, R. Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality. New York: Vintage Books, 1977. ISBN 0394722558.

Kraft, V. M. The U.S. Constitution and Foreign Policy : Terminating the Taiwan Treaty. New York: Greenwood, 1991. ISBN 0313275319.

Krasner, M.A., Chaberski, S.G., and Jones, K. American Government: Structure and Process. New York: Macmillan, 1977. ISBN 0023662506.

Lemann, N. The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How it Changed America. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1991. ISBN 0394560043.

Levine, E.L. and Cornwell, E. E., Jr. An Introduction to American Government, 5th ed. New York: Macmillan, 1983. ISBN 0023703407.

Lowi, T. J. and Ginsberg, B. American Government: Freedom and Power, 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Mayhew, D. Congress: The Electoral Connection. New Haven, CT: Tale University Press, 1974.

McConnell, C.R. and Brue, S.L. Economics: Principles, Problems, and Policies, 14th ed. Boston: Irvin/McGraw-Hill, 1999. ISBN 0070470944.

McCormick, J. American Foreign Policy and Process, 2nd ed. Itasca, IL: Peacock Publishers, 1992.

McPherson, J. The Abolitionist Legacy: From Reconstruction to the NAACP, 2nd ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995. ISBN 069110039X.

Morison, S.E. Oxford History of the American People, vols. 1, 2, & 3. New York: Meridan, 1994. ISBN 0452011302 (v. 1), 0452011310 (v. 2), 0452011329 (v. 3).

Moss, G. D. America in the Twentieth Century, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998. ISBN 0130833703.

Murphy, W. F. and Danielson, M. N. American Democracy. 9th ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1979. ISBN 0030459311.

Norton, M. B., et. al. A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, 4th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994.<

Paarlberg, D. Analysis and History of Inflation. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993. ISBN 0275944166.

Rosati, J. The Politics of United States Foreign Policy. Ft. Worth, TX: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1993.

Ross, R. American National Government: Institutions, Policy, and Participation, 3rd ed. Guilford, CT: Dushkin Pub., 1993. ISBN 1561342238.

Rushefsky, M. Public Policy in the United States: Toward the Twenty-First Century. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1990.

Salvatore, D., ed. National Economic Policies. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991. ISBN 0313265917.

Samuelson, P. A. and Nordhaus, W. D. Economics, 16th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998. ISBN 0070579474.

Sowell, T. Ethnic America: A History. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

Takaki, R. A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1993. ISBN 0316831123.

Tyack, D. B. The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974. ISBN 0674637801.

Walsh, J., ed. The Gulf War Did Not Happen: Politics, Culture, and Warfare Post-Vietnam. Brookfield, VT: Arena, 1995. ISBN 1857422929.<

Woloch, N. Women and the American Experience, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1994. ISBN 0070715416.

Young, M. B. The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990. New York: Harper Collins, 1991. ISBN 0060165537.

Zieger, R. H. American Workers, American Unions, 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994. ISBN 0801849438.

World (social issues, religions, geography, history, political issues, economics)

Amstutz, M. R. International Conflict and Cooperation: An Introduction to World Politics, 2nd ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, 1999. ISBN 0697370143.<

Ayers, R. L. Banking on the Poor: The World Bank and World Poverty. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993. ISBN 0262010704.

Barker, T. The Road to Camp David: U.S. Negotiating Strategy Towards the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Peter Land Publishing, Inc., 1989. ISBN 0820404950.

Baumol, W. J. and Blinder, A. S. Economics: Principles and Policy, 4th ed. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1989.

Benko, R. P. Protecting Intellectual Property Rights: Issues and Controversies. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1987. ISBN 0844736171.

Berry, B. J., et al. Economic Geography: Resource Use, Locational Choices, and Regional Specialization in the Global Economy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.

Berry, B. J., Conkling, E. C., and Ray, D. M. The Global Economy in Transition, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1997. ISBN 0135052645.

Biswas, A. K., Jellali, M., and Stout, G. E. Water for Sustainable Development in the Twenty First Century. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0195633024.

Bowker, J. W., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0192139657.

Briggs, A. and Clavin, P. Modern Europe: 1789-1989. London, New York: Longman, 1997. ISBN 0582494060.

Brower, D. R. World in the Twentieth Century: From Empires to Nations, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999. ISBN 0130959170.

Brown, W. and Hogendorn. International Economics: Theory. Redding, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.

Bruneau, T. C. The Church in Brazil: The Politics of Religion. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1982. ISBN 0292710712.

Campbell, R. W. Socialist Economies in Transition. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1991.

Combs, C. C. Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1997. ISBN 0134907310.

Cordesman, H. and Hashim, A. S. Iraq: Sanctions and Beyond. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997. ISBN 0813332354.

Craig, A. M., et al. The Heritage of World Civilizations, vol C, 3rd ed. New York: MacMillan, 1994.

Crenshaw, M., ed. Terrorism in Context. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania University Press, 1995. ISBN 0271010142.

Crithchfield, H. J. General Climatology, 4th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1983. ISBN 0133492176.

Curtis, G.E., ed. Yugoslavia: A Country Study. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1992. ISBN 0844407356.

Cushing R.G., et al., eds. The Challenge of NAFTA: North America, Australia, New Zealand, and the World Trade Regime. Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs: Edward A. Clark Center for Australian Studies, 1993. ISBN 0899404278.

Dunlop, J.B. The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Empire. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. ISBN 0691001731.

Goldstein, J.S. International Relations, 3rd ed. New York: Longman, 1999. ISBN 0321025520.

Goode's World Atlas, 18th ed. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1990.

Greaves, R. L. et al. Civilizations of the World: the Human Adventure, vols. 1 and 2, 3rd ed. New York: Longman, 1997. ISBN 0673980014 (v. 1), 0673980022 (v. 2).

Hall, R. E. and Taylor, J. B. Macro Economics, 5th ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 1997. ISBN 0393968359.

Hopfe, L. M. Religions of the World, 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1998. ISBN 0136279287.

Howard, L. ed., Terrorism: Roots, Impact, and Responses. New York: Praeger, 1992. ISBN 0275940209.

Hunter, S. Central Asia Since Independence. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996. ISBN 0275955389.

Jackson, J. H., Davey, W. J., and Sykes, A. O. Legal Problems of International Economic Relations, 3rd ed. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1995. ISBN 0314046887.

Jordon, T. G. and Rowntree, L. The Human Mosaic: A Thematic Introduction to Cultural Geography, 5th ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1990.

Kaugman, P. and Obstfeld, M. International Economics, 3rd. ed. New York: Harper Collins, 1994

Kearl, J. Principles of Microeconomics. Lexington, MA: Heath, 1993.

Larson, T. B. Soviet-American Rivalry. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1981. ISBN 0393951456(pbk).

Lincoln, E.J. Japan's Unequal Trade. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1990. ISBN 0815752628.

Malcolm, N. Kosovo: A Short History. New York: New York University Press, 1998. ISBN 0814755984.

Martin, P. M. and O'Meara, P., eds. Africa, 3rd ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995. ISBN 0253329167.

Mayer, F. W. Interpreting NAFTA: The Science and Art of Political Analysis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. ISBN 0231109806.

McCallum, B. T. International Monetary Economics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. ISBN 0195094948.

Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary, 3rd ed., Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1997. ISBN 0877795460.

Murrell, G.D.G. Russia's Transition to Democracy: An Internal Political History, 1989-1996. Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 1997. ISBN 1898723575.

Olson, R., ed. The Kurdish Nationalist Movement in the 1990s: Its Impact on Turkey and the Middle East. Lexington , KY: The University of Kentucky Press, 1996. ISBN 0813119995.

Oppenheim, P. Japan without Blinders: Coming to Terms with Japan's Economic Success. Tokyo, London, New York: Kodansha, 1992. ISBN 4770016824.

Oxford Atlas of the World, 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0195214641.

Reitsma, H. A. and Kleinpenning, J. M. G. The Third World in Perspective. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Allanheld, 1985. ISBN 0847674509.

Renouvin, P., et al. Introduction to the History of International Relations. New York: Praeger, 1977.

Rumer, B. and Zhukov, S. Central Asia: The Challenges of Independence. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1998. ISBN 0765602547.

Salvatore, D. Managerial Economics in a Global Economy, 3rd ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1996. ISBN 0070571155.

Skidmore, T.E. and Smith, P.H. Modern Latin America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0195100166.

Smith, H. The World's Religions: Our Great Wisdom Traditions. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco, 1991. ISBN 0062507990.

Spencer, M. Contemporary Economics, 8th ed. New York: Worth, 1993.

Waggoner, P. E., ed. Climate Change and U.S. Water Resources. New York: Wiley, 1990. ISBN 0471618381.

Weeks, J. R. Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0534553052.

Wells, D. T. Environmental Policy: A Global Perspective for the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996. ISBN 0134002199(pbk).

Willis, F. R. World Civilizations, Vol. II, 2nd ed. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath, 1986.

Yoder, A. The Evolution of the United Nations System, 3rd ed. Washington, D. C.: Taylor & Francis, 1997. ISBN 1560325453.

Management (principles and methods, basic accounting and mathematics)

Americans with Disabilities Handbook.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and U.S. Department of Justice, 1991. ISBN 0160358477.

Barnett, R. A. and Ziegler, M. R. College Mathematics for Management, Life, and Social Sciences, 3rd ed. San Francisco: Dellen Pub. Co., 1984. ISBN 0895170582.

Belasco, J. A. and Stayer, R. C. Flight of the Buffalo : Soaring to Excellence, Learning to Let Employees Lead. New York: Warner Books, 1993. ISBN 0446517097.

Donnelly, J. H. Jr, Gibson, J. L., and Ivancevich, M. Fundamentals of Management, 10th ed. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill, 1998. ISBN 0256232377.

Frame, J. D. Managing Projects in Organizations: How to Make the Best Use of Time, Techniques, and People. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1995. ISBN 0787901601.

Kanter, R. M. Frontiers of Management. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1997. ISBN 0875848028.

Karush, W. Webster's New World Dictionary of Mathematics. New York: Webster's New World: Distributed by Prentice-Hall Trade, 1989. ISBN 0131926675

Keedy, M. L., et al. Essential Mathematics, 6th ed. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1992.

Mager, R. F. What Every Manager Should Know About Training. Belmont, CA: Lake Publishing, 1992. ISBN 1561033456.

Munter, M. Guide to Managerial Communication: Effective Business Writing and Speaking, 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999. ISBN 0132564475.

Noe, R., et al. Human Resource Management: Gaining a Competitive Advantage. Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin, 1994. ISBN 0256113491.

Robbins, S. P. The Administrative Process, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1980. ISBN 0130073857.

Robbins, S. P. Organizational Behavior: Concepts, Controversies, and Applications, 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998. ISBN 0138574596.

Sedmark, N. J. and Vidas, C. Primer on Equal Employment Opportunity, 6th ed. Washington, D.C.: The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., 1994. ISBN 0871798425.

Twomey, D. P. Employment Discrimination Law: A Manager's Guide. Cincinnati: West Educational Pub., 1998. ISBN 0324000820.

Warren, C. S., et al. Accounting, 18th ed. Cincinnati, Ohio: South-Western College Pub., 1996. ISBN 0538839333

Weygandt, J. J., et al. Accounting Principles, 3rd ed. New York: Wiley, 1993. ISBN 0471570648.

Whetten, D. A. and Cameron, K. S. Developing Management Skills, 4th ed. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1998. ISBN 0321013085(pbk).

Cross-cultural Communication

Bennett, M. J., ed. Basic Concepts of Intercultural Communication: Selected Readings. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, 1998. ISBN 1877864625.

Dominick, J. R. The Dynamics of Mass Communication. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1999. ISBN 007290478X.

Head, S. W. World Broadcasting Systems: A Comparative Analysis. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1985. ISBN 0534047343.

Jankowski, G. F. and Fuchs, D. C. Television Today and Tomorrow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 0195074874.

Morrison, T., Conaway, W. A., and Borden, G. A. Kiss, Bow, or Shake Hands. Holbrook, MA: Adams Media, 1994. ISBN 1558504443(pbk).

Powers, R. The Newscasters. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1977. ISBN 0312572077.

Samovar, L. A. and Porter R. E., eds. Intercultural Communication, 9th ed. Belmont: Wadsworth, 1999. ISBN 0534562418.

Streitmatter, J. R. Mightier Than the Sword: How the News Media Have Shaped American History. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997. ISBN 0813332109.

Taylor, P. M. War and the Media: Propaganda and Persuasion in the Gulf War. Manchester, England; New York: Manchester University Press, 1992. ISBN 0719037530.

Trenholm, S. and Jensen, A. Interpersonal Communication, 4th ed. Belmont: Wadsworth, 1999. ISBN 0534561519.

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