AGREEMENT ON CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES RELATED TO SYSTEMS TO
COUNTER BALLISTIC MISSILES OTHER THAN STRATEGIC BALLISTIC MISSILES
The States that have signed this Agreement, hereinafter referred to as the Parties,
Desiring to promote reciprocal openness, greater trust between the Parties, and the preservation
of strategic stability,
Declaring their intention to implement, on a reciprocal basis, confidence-building measures with
respect to systems to counter ballistic missiles other than strategic ballistic missiles,
Have agreed as follows:
I. General Provisions
1. Systems subject to this Agreement shall be: for the United States of America -- the Theater
High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) System and the Navy Theater-Wide Theater Ballistic
Missile Defense Program, known to the other Parties by the same names; for the Russian
Federation -- the S-300V system, known to the United States of America as the SA-12 system;
for the Republic of Belarus -- the S-300V system, known to the United States of America as the
SA-12 system; for Ukraine -- the S-300V system, known to the United States of America as the
SA-12 system; and other systems as agreed upon by the Parties in the future.
2. The Parties shall conduct an initial exchange of information and notifications, as provided for
in this Agreement, no later than 90 days after entry into force of this Agreement, reflecting the
status as of the date of its entry into force, and update this information annually, unless otherwise
agreed. Information shall be updated reflecting the status as of January 1 of each year and
provided no later than April 1 of each year.
1. Each Party shall provide notifications to the other Parties of test ranges and other test areas
where launches of interceptor missiles of systems subject to this Agreement will take place.
Notifications of test ranges and other test areas shall include the names of ranges (test areas) and
their locations. Such notifications shall be provided either within 30 days after entry into force of
this Agreement, or no later than 90 days in advance of the first launch of an interceptor missile of
a system subject to this Agreement at each test range (test area).
2. Each Party shall provide notification to the other Parties of each launch of an interceptor
missile of systems subject to this Agreement, if during that launch a ballistic target-missile is used.
In this connection:
- (a) an interceptor missile launch notification shall specify the name of the test range (test area)
where the interceptor missile launch will take place; the type (designation) of the interceptor
missile; the planned date of the interceptor missile launch; the planned launch point of the
interceptor missile (geographic coordinates; for air-based systems the geographic coordinates of
the projection of the planned launch point of the interceptor missile onto the Earth's surface shall
be specified); the planned launch point of the ballistic target-missile (geographic coordinates);
- (b) each interceptor missile launch notification shall be provided no later than 10 days in
advance of the planned date of the interceptor missile launch and shall be effective for seven days
beginning with the planned date of that launch; and
- (c) if the launch of the interceptor missile will not occur or has not occurred within the
specified 7-day period, the Party that planned to carry out the launch of the interceptor missile
shall provide a notification thereof no later than 24 hours after the expiration of the 7-day period.
Such a notification shall state that the interceptor missile launch has not occurred and shall either
specify a new launch date, which will establish the beginning of a new 7-day period, or state that a
notification of a new launch date will be made in accordance with the procedure specified in
subparagraph (b) of this paragraph.
III. Demonstrations of Systems and Observations of Tests
Any Party may on a voluntary basis arrange, for any other Party or Parties, a demonstration of its
systems or their components subject to this Agreement or an observation of their tests. In each
specific case, the participating Parties shall agree in advance on the purpose of, and the
arrangements for, such demonstrations and observations.
Each Party shall provide assurances that it will not deploy systems subject to this Agreement in
numbers and locations so that these systems could pose a realistic threat to the strategic nuclear
force of another Party. The measures used to provide such assurances shall include:
1. Each Party shall provide to the other Parties, in a form and scope as agreed upon by the
Parties, an assessment of the programs with respect to the development, testing and deployment
of ballistic missiles, other than strategic ballistic missiles, confronting that Party.
2. For each of its systems subject to this Agreement, each Party shall provide the following
- (a) the name, type (designation), and basing mode of the system as well as of its interceptor
missiles, launchers, and associated radars;
- (b) the general concept of operation; the status of plans and programs; and, in addition, for
systems in testing, the number of systems it plans to possess; the information shall be provided in
a form and scope as agreed upon by the Parties;
- (c) the class and type of basing platform:
- (i) for land-based systems: the number of launchers in a battalion;
- (ii) for sea-based systems: the class and type of each ship, and the number of launchers on a ship of
that class capable of launching interceptor missiles of each type;
- (iii) for air-based systems: the type of each aircraft, and the number of interceptor missiles each
aircraft is capable of carrying;
- (d) the number of interceptor missiles of a fully loaded launcher.
3. For components of each of its systems subject to this Agreement, each Party shall provide the
- (a) for a completely assembled interceptor missile: the number of stages, the length, the
maximum diameter, the type of propellant (solid or liquid), maximum velocity demonstrated
during launches, and the length and diameter of the interceptor missile launch canister;
- (b) for the interceptor missile launcher: the maximum number of interceptor missiles of a fully
loaded launcher; and
- (c) for the radar: the frequency band (in designations adopted by the International
Telecommunication Union) and potential, expressed as a value that is not exceeded by the radar's
potential. The potential of a radar shall mean the product of its mean emitted power in watts and
its antenna area in square meters.
V. Additional Voluntary Measures
Each Party may provide on a voluntary basis any other information or any other notifications not
specified elsewhere in this Agreement. The topics, amount, and time frame for such information
and notifications shall be such as each Party determines.
VI. Implementation of the Agreement
1. To promote the objectives and implementation of the provisions of this Agreement, the
Parties, within the framework of the Standing Consultative Commission established in accordance
with the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems of May 26, 1972, shall consider:
- (a) issues concerning implementation of the obligations assumed under this Agreement, as
well as related situations which may be considered ambiguous; and
- (b) amendments to the provisions of this Agreement and other possible proposals on further
increasing its viability.
2. The Parties shall use the Nuclear Risk Reduction Center channels or the equivalent
government-to-government communications links for providing the notifications and for
exchanging the information provided for in Sections II, IV and V of this Agreement.
Each Party undertakes not to release to the public the information provided pursuant to this
Agreement except with the express consent of the Party that provided such information.
VIII. Entry into Force and Duration
This Agreement shall enter into force simultaneously with entry into force of the First Agreed
Statement of September 26, 1997, Relating to the Treaty Between the United States of America
and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems of
May 26, 1972, and the Second Agreed Statement of September 26, 1997, Relating to the Treaty
Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the
Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems of May 26, 1972, and shall remain in force so long as
either of those Agreed Statements remains in force.
DONE at New York City on September 26, 1997, in five copies, each in the English and Russian
languages, both texts being equally authentic.
FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
FOR THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS:
FOR THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN:
FOR THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: