January 26, 1995
On November 28,1994, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in
Europe (CSCE)* Forum for Security Cooperation (FSC) adopted the Vienna
Document 1994 (VD94). The latest CSCE agreement in the field of military
security, VD94, incorporates improved confidence- and security-building
measures (CSBMS) from the Vienna Document 1992 with other measures adopted
by the FSC in 1993.
VD94 contains CSBMs applicable to the whole territory of Europe ("the Atlantic to the Urals") and the territory of the participating States in Central Asia (formerly part of the Soviet Union). Its provisions include:
- visits to evaluate the information provided in that annual exchange;
- annual calendar of military activities subject to prior notification;
- and verification (of provisions) through on-site inspection with no right of refusal.
Expanded provisions include:
- expanded contacts among states, through visits to air bases and demonstrations of new weapon or equipment systems;
- a program of military contacts and cooperation enumerating areas for contacts and allowing for visits to military facilities or formations or observation of military activities, as well as seminars on cooperation in the military field;
* On January 1, 1995 the CSCE became the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
- annual implementation assessment meetings to review the implementation of agreed CSBMS;
- prior notification of certain (large-scale) military activities;
- invitation of observers to certain military activities.