Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
While narcotics control has been an important U.S. foreign policy issue for many years, the Department of State's Bureau of International Narcotics Matters (INM) was created in 1978. To deal more effectively with international aspects of the growing drug problem, the Department merged the Agency for International Development's (USAID) operational and fiscal mandate related to narcotics under its Public Safety Program with the drug policy formulation function already resident in the Department of State. Section 115 of the FY 1979 Foreign Relations Authorization Act established the Assistant Secretary position and Secretary Vance approved delegation of authority for the new bureau on October 12, 1978.
In July 1994, the mission of the bureau expanded to include responsibility for all international crime issues that threaten United States national security. Subsequently, the name of the bureau was changed to the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL). Presidential Decision Directive-42 (PDD-42), International Organized Crime, directs an enhanced and integrated Federal Government response to international crime as a matter of great priority.
The INL narcotics control program has two primary goals:
The international crime program has three major goals:
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