Subject: North Korean 200-Mile Economic Zone.
Released by the Department of State, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, August 11, 1977.
Provided below is the complete text of HYDROPAC 758, issued by the Defense Mapping Agency. The term "exploring" in paragraph 1.C. does apparently include marine scientific research with regard to the 200-mile zone. Research vessel operators should therefore take note.
1. All vessels transiting the waters contiguous to the coast of North Korea are advised of the following:
A. Since 1975, there have occurred sporadic and hostile acts such as harassments of, shootings on, and capturing of fishing vessels by North Korean military vessels.
B. There have been reports that North Korea claims a 12-mile territorial sea.
C. By decree effective August 1, 1977, North Korea has unilaterally proclaimed a 200-mile economic zone. According to the decree, the economic zone will extend from the baseline of the territorial waters, or to the "half-way line of the sea" in waters where the economic zone of 200 miles cannot be fully extended. The decree stipulates that the North Koreans will exercise sovereignty over all animate and inanimate resources within these waters -- in the water, on and beneath the seabed. Without approval from an organ of North Korea, all foreigners, foreign vessels and foreign aircraft are prohibited from any activities, such as fishing, establishing facilities, exploring or developing, within the economic zone, activities which obstruct the economic activities of North Korea, and from all other activities detrimental to the people and marine resources, including sea and air pollution.
D. On August 1, 1977, North Korea announced the establishment of a military boundary up to 50 miles measured from the outer limits of the territorial sea east of the Korean Peninsula and to the boundary line of the economic zone to the west of the peninsula. Within the military boundary (under, in, and over the sea) acts of foreigners, foreign military vessels and foreign military planes are prohibited and civilian ships (excluding fishing boats) and civilian planes are allowed to navigate or fly only with appropriate prior agreement or approval. Also within the military boundary, civilian vessels and civilian planes shall not conduct acts for military purposes or acts infringing upon the economic interests of North Korea.
2. The publication of this notice is solely for information relative to the navigational safety of shipping, and in no way constitutes a legal recognition by the United States of the international validity of any rule, regulation, or proclamation so published.
3. Supersedes and cancels HYDROPAC 745/77.
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