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U.S. Department of State

Great Seal

Notice to Research Vessel Operators No. 61
(Revision No. 9)

Subject: Claimed Maritime Jurisdictions
Released by the Department of State, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, March 9, 1994.

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The purpose of the enclosed summary is to provide research institutions and federal agencies with guidance on maritime claims of foreign coastal states. The list does not necessarily reflect acceptance or recognition by the U.S. Government of the claims, or of the countries. Additionally, it is likely that certain countries will change or expand their claims beyond the limits contained in this summary. Researchers are advised to consult this office when any research is planned off foreign coasts.

Users of this summary should recognize the limit of the application of these data. More specific information, such as claimed baselines, negotiated or claimed boundaries with neighboring states, etc., should be obtained for precise interpretive analyses.

Extended territorial seas and fishing zones may be interpreted by the coastal state as including jurisdiction over marine scientific or fisheries research, even though they do not claim an exclusive economic zone. Researchers should consult this office for guidance as necessary.

Questions or updates on these lists should be directed to:

R/V Clearance Officer
OES/OA Room 5805
U.S. Department of State
Washington, DC 20520
Telephone: 202/647-4935
Fax: 202/647-1106

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SUMMARY OF MARITIME CLAIMS

AS OF MARCH 1, 1994

The following is a list of territorial sea, contiguous zone, fishery and exclusive economic zone claims and the number of adherents as of March 1, 1994 (As of this date, information is not available on the maritime claims of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Eritrea, Georgia, and Slovenia. All mileage figures in the following tables are nautical miles. One nautical mile equals 1852 meters.) Any corrections or updates should be directed to: Dr. Robert W. Smith, Office of Ocean Affairs (OES/OA), Room 5805, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C. 20520

TERRITORIAL SEA CLAIMS

Breadth (miles)     Number of States

------------------------------------

3                   5
4                   2
6                   3
12                118
20                  1
30                  2
35                  1
50                  1
200                11
Rectangular         1

CONTIGUOUS ZONE CLAIMS (The breadth is measured from the territorial sea baseline)

Breadth (miles)     Number of States
------------------------------------
4                   1
6                   1
10                  1
15                  1
18                  4
24                 44
41                  1

FISHERY ZONE CLAIMS (Only those fishery limits that differ from territorial sea and exclusive economic zone limits are listed.

Breadth (miles)     Number of States
------------------------------------
12                  2
25                  1
200                16

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE CLAIMS

93 states claim an EEZ

TERRITORIAL SEA

Three Miles (5)

---------------

Bahamas, The
Denmark (1)
Germany (2)
Jordan
Singapore

Four Miles (2)

--------------

Finland
Norway

Six Miles (3)

-------------

Dominican Republic
Greece
Turkey (3)

Twelve Miles (118)

------------------

Albania
Algeria
Antigua and Barbuda (4)
Argentina
Australia
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belgium
Belize (5)
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burma
Cambodia
Canada
Cape Verde (4)
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros (4)
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Cuba
Cyprus
Djibouti
Dominica
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Fiji (4)
France (6)
Gabon
Gambia, The
Ghana
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Iceland
India
Indonesia (4)
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan (7)
Kenya
Kiribati (4)
Korea, North
Korea, South (8)
Kuwait
Latvia
Lebanon
Libya
Lithuania
Malaysia
Maldives
Malta
Marshall Is. (4)
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia Fed.
Monaco
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nauru
Netherlands
New Zealand (9)
Niue
Oman
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea (4)
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russia
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines (4)
Sao Tome and Principe (4)
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Seychelles
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Sweden
Tanzania
Thailand
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago (4)
Tunisia
Tuvalu
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom (10)
United States
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Western Samoa
Yemen
Yugoslavia (15)
Zaire

Twenty Miles (1)

----------------

Angola

Thirty Miles (2)

----------------

Nigeria
Togo

Thirty-Five Miles (1)

---------------------

Syria

Fifty Miles (1)

---------------

Cameron

Two Hundred Miles (11)

----------------------

Benin 1
Congo
Ecuador
El Salvador(ll)
Liberia
Nicaragua
Panama
Peru
Sierra Leone
Somalia
Uruguay

Rectangle(1)

------------

Philippines

CONTIGUOUS ZONE

Four Miles (1)

--------------

Denmark

Six Miles (1)

-------------

Finland

Ten Miles (1)

-------------

Norway

Fifteen Miles (1)

-----------------

Venezuela

Eighteen Miles (4)

------------------

Bangladesh
The Gambia
Saudi Arabia
Sudan

Twenty-Four Miles (44)

----------------------

Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Bahrain
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burma
Cambodia
Chile
China
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Egypt
France
Gabon
Ghana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Iran
Madagascar
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mexico
Morocco
Namibia
Oman
Pakistan
Qatar
Romania
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Senegal
Spain
Sri Lanka
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Tuvalu
United Arab Emirates
Vanuatu
Vietnam
Yemen

Forty-One Miles (1)

-------------------

Syria

FISHING LIMITS

Twelve Miles (2)

----------------

Finland
Singapore

Twenty-Five Miles (1)

---------------------

Malta

Two Hundred Miles (16)

----------------------

Angola
Australia
Bahamas, The
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
The Gambia
Germany
Guyana
Ireland
Japan
Nauru
Netherlands
Papua New Guinea
South Africa
United Kingdom

Exclusive Economic Zone (93)

----------------------------

Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belize
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burma
Cambodia
Cape Verde
Chile
Colombia
Comoros
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Cuba
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Fiji
France (6)
Gabon
Ghana
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Haiti
Honduras
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Jamaica
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, North (12)
Madagascar
Malaysia
Maldives (13)
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia, Federated States of
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
New Zealand (9)
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russia
St.Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Solomon Islands
Spain
Sri Lanka
Suriname
Sweden
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Turkey (Black Sea)
Tuvalu
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United States (14)
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Western Samoa
Yemen
Yugoslavia (15)
Zaire

NOTES

1. Includes Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

2. The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR) unified on October 3, 1990. Its territorial sea claim is considered 3 miles off the former FRG coast, except in the Helgolander Bucht where the limit extends, in one area, to 16 miles; and, in the Baltic, off the former GDR, the limit is 12 miles.

3. Turkey claims a 12 mile territorial sea off its coast in the Black Sea and in the Mediterranean Sea.

4. Maritime limits are measured from claimed "archipelagic baselines" which generally connect the outermost points of outer islands or drying reefs.

5. From the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Caye Belize's territorial sea is 3 miles; according to Belize's Maritime Areas Act, 1992, the purpose of this limitation is "to provide a framework for the negotiation of a definitive agreement on territorial differences with the Republic of Guatemala."

6. Includes all French overseas departments and territories

7. Japan's territorial sea remains 3 miles in five "international straits."

8. South Korea's territorial sea remains 3 miles in the Korea Strait.

9. Includes Tokelau.

10. Includes Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, St. Helena, Ascension, Triston da Cunha, Gough Is. , Nightingale Is., Inaccessible Is., South Georgia, South Sandwich Is., and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

11. Overflight and high seas navigation freedoms permitted beyond 12 miles.

12. North Korea also claims a 50 mile "military boundary line" within which all foreign vessels and aircraft are banned without permission.

13. The Maldives' economic zone is defined by geographical coordinates. The zone is, in part, a rectangle and, in part, a boundary with India. The breadth of the zone varies from approximately 35 miles to more than 300 miles.

14. Includes Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Johnston Atoll, Palmyra Atoll, Midway Island, Wake Island, Jarvis Island, Kingman Reef, Howland Island, Baker Island, Northern Marianas. Palau, which is still part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, claims a 3 mile territorial sea and a 200 mile fishery zone.

15. Serbia and Montengro.

[end of document]

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