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State Department Home page search archive faq feedback index Regions Policy Services Dept. Outreach The Secretary of State US Dept. of State --Regions

Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty

(As released by the Office of the Geographer and Global Issues, November 20, 2000)

See also:
Independent States in the World
How's That Place Spelled? (GEOnet)
Geographic Learning Site (GLS)
State Department Country Background Notes
!  New change, since previous list

Short-form nameLong-form nameSovereigntyFIPS Code
(see note 1)
American SamoaTerritory of
American Samoa
United StatesAQPago Pago
Anguilla(no long-form name)United KingdomAVThe Valley
Antarctica(no long-form name)None
(see note 2)
Aruba(no long-form name)NetherlandsAAOranjestad
Ashmore and Cartier IslandsTerritory of Ashmore
and Cartier Islands
from Canberra
Baker Island(no long-form name)United StatesFQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Bermuda(no long-form name)United KingdomBDHamilton
Bouvet Island(no long-form name)NorwayBVAdmin. from Oslo
British Indian
Ocean Territory
(see note 3)
British Indian
Ocean Territory
United KingdomIONone
Cayman Islands(no long-form name)United KingdomCJGeorge Town
Christmas IslandTerritory of
Christmas Island
AustraliaKTThe Settlement
(Flying Fish Cove)
Clipperton Island(no long-form name)FranceIPAdministered from
French Polynesia
(Keeling) Islands
Territory of Cocos (Keeling) IslandsAustraliaCKWest Island
Cook Islands(no long-form name)New ZealandCWAvarua
Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea
Islands Territory
from Canberra
East Timor(no long-form name)Temporarily administered
by the United Nations
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Colony of the
Falkland Islands
(see note 4)
Faroe Islands(no long-form name)DenmarkFOTórshavn
French Guiana
!(see note 5)
French PolynesiaTerritory of
French Polynesia
Southern and
Antarctic Lands
(see note 6)
Territory of the
French Southern
and Antarctic Lands
from Paris
Gibraltar(no long-form name)United KingdomGIGibraltar
Greenland(no long-form name)DenmarkGLNuuk (Godthåb)
!(see note 5)
GuamTerritory of GuamUnited StatesGQ Hagatna
!(see note 7)
Bailiwick of GuernseyBritish Crown DependencyGKSaint Peter Port
Heard Island and McDonald IslandsTerritory of
Heard Island
and McDonald Islands
from Canberra
Hong KongHong Kong Special Administrative RegionChina
(see note 8)
HKHong Kong
Howland Island(no long-form name)United StatesHQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Jan Mayen(no long-form name)NorwayJNAdministered
from Oslo
(see note 9)
Jarvis Island(no long-form name)United StatesDQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
JerseyBailiwick of JerseyBritish Crown DependencyJESaint Helier
Johnston Atoll(no long-form name)United StatesJQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Kingman Reef(no long-form name)United StatesKQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
MacauMacau Special Administrative RegionChina
(see note 14)
Man, Isle of(no long-form name)British
Crown Dependency
!(see note 5)
MayotteTerritorial Collectivity of MayotteFranceMFMamoudzou
Midway Islands(no long-form name)United StatesMQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Montserrat(no long-form name)United KingdomMHPlymouth
Navassa Island(no long-form name)United StatesBQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Netherlands Antilles
(see note 10)
(no long-form name)NetherlandsNTWillemstad
New CaledoniaTerritory of New Caledonia and Dependencies FranceNCNouméa
Niue (no long-form name)New ZealandNEAlofi
Norfolk IslandTerritory of
Norfolk Island
Mariana Islands
of the Northern
Mariana Islands
United StatesCQSaipan
Palmyra Atoll(no long-form name)United StatesLQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Paracel Islands(no long-form name)undetermined (see note 12)PFNone
Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn,
Henderson, Ducie,
and Oeno Islands
United KingdomPCAdamstown
Puerto RicoCommonwealth
of Puerto Rico
United StatesRQSan Juan
!(see note 5)
Saint Helena
(see note 13)
(no long-form name)United KingdomSHJamestown
Saint Pierre and MiquelonTerritorial
Collectivity of Saint
Pierre and Miquelon
South Georgia
and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsUnited
(see note 4)
Spratly Islands(no long-form name)undetermined (see note 14)PGNone
Svalbard(no long-form name)NorwaySVLongyearbyen
Tokelau(no long-form name)New ZealandTLNone
Turks and
Caicos Islands
(no long-form name)United KingdomTKGrand Turk
Virgin Islands, U.S.United States
Virgin Islands
United StatesVQCharlotte Amalie
Virgin Islands, British(no long-form name)United KingdomVIRoad Town
Wake Island(no long-form name)United StatesWQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Wallis and FutunaTerritory of the Wallis and Futuna IslandsFranceWFMatâ'utu
Western Sahara(no long-form name)undeterminedWINone

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Note 1:   Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4 codes.

Note 2:   Antarctica consists of the territory south of 60 degrees south latitude.   This area includes claims by Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom, the legal status of which remains in suspense under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959.   The United States recognizes no claims to Antarctica.

Note 3:   Chagos Archipelago (including Diego Garcia).

Note 4:   Dependent territory of the United Kingdom (also claimed by Argentina).

Note 5:   French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion are departments (first-order administrative units) of France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes, as well as Saint Barthelemy and the northern three-fifths of Saint Martin (the rest of which belongs to Netherlands Antilles). The islands of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island are administered from Reunion; all these islands are claimed by Madagascar, and Tromelin Island is claimed by Mauritius.

Note 6:   "French Southern and Antarctic Lands" includes Île Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Îles Crozet, and Îles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Terre Adélie."   The United States does not recognize the French claim to "Terre Adélie" (see note 2).

Note 7:  The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes the islands of Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and nearby smaller islands.

Note 8:   Under a Sino-British declaration of September 1984, Hong Kong reverted to Chinese control on July 1, 1997. It is now a semi-autonomous entity that exists pursuant to international agreement and maintains its own government apart from the People's Republic of China.

Note 9:   Administered from Oslo, Norway, through a governor resident in Longyearbyen, Svalbard.

Note 10:   Under the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau signed in 1987, Macau reverted to Chinese control on December 20, 1999.   It is now a semi-autonomous entity that exists pursuant to international agreement and maintains its own government apart from the People's Republic of China.

Note 11:   Netherlands Antilles comprises two groupings of islands: Curaçao and Bonaire are located off the coast of Venezuela; Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (the Dutch two-fifths of the island of Saint Martin) lie 800 km to the north.

Note 12:   South China Sea islands occupied by China but claimed by Vietnam.

Note 13:   The territory of Saint Helena includes the Island group of Tristan da Cunha; Saint Helena also administers Ascension Island.

Note 14:   South China Sea islands claimed in entirety by China and Vietnam and in part by the Philippines and Malaysia; each of these states occupies some part of the islands.

Source:   Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C.

How's That Place Spelled?

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