Implementing the Dayton Peace Agreement:
The Bosnian Federation
Fact Sheet prepared by the Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs,
November 7, 1996
- The Dayton Peace Agreement created
a new constitutional structure for Bosnia, consisting of the internationally
recognized state of Bosnia and Herzegovina with two constituent
entitiesthe Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and
the Republika Srpska.
- Although the Federation is currently
headed by President Kresimir Zubak (Bosnian Croat), Vice President
Ejup Ganic (Bosniak) and Prime Minister Izudin Kapetanovic (Bosniak),
the newly elected upper and lower legislative houses will soon
meet to select a new Federation President and Vice President,
who in turn will nominate a new Prime Minister.
- The Federation is a critical element
for the political future of the country. Its success is essential
in moving the peace process forward. Since the end of hostilities,
progress in establishing a functioning Federation government has
- Last March, the Bosniak and Bosnian
Croat parties had agreed, under the auspices of the High Representative
and the United States, to abolish internal customs duties and
ensure that revenue collected would flow to the Federation treasury.
As a result, a single Federation Customs Administration is now
operating. Revenue collected by the Federation Customs Administration
will be four or five times the amount budgeted for this year.
- In mid-May, the Federation partners
met at Blair House under the auspices of the Federation Forum.
They agreed to pass a Federation Defense Law which established
a single Ministry of Defense and a joint command structure. The
Federation legislature approved the Defense Law on July 9, 1996
and which went into effect at the end of August, 1996.
- The Federation Partners also agreed
at Blair House to establish financial institutions which would
promote economic recovery and reiterated their commitment to guarantee
a politically neutral environment and freedom of speech.
- At the end of July 1996, the Federation
took a major step forward toward becoming a functioning reality
when its Assembly confirmed a government of 15 ministries. In
accordance with the new Federation constitution, these ministries
are in the process of assuming the responsibilities previously
exercised on Federation territory by the Republic government and
by the Bosnian Croat authorities.
- In August, the parties agreed to
abolish the Croat administrative structure of "Herceg-Bosna"
and set up a strict timetable for the final consolidation of Federation
institutions. The parties also agreed in August on steps to delineate
institutional responsibilities of the Federation and of the state
of Bosnia and Herzegovina in such areas as internal affairs, finance,
transport, communications, trade, energy, justice and industry.
- On October 25, the Federation partners
agreed on the basic principles of the future organization of Sarajevo
and on the design of a flag and insignia for the Federation. All
cantonal assemblies of the Federation have now been formed based
on the results of the September 14 elections. Finally, the International
Police Task Force (IPTF) will, at the request of the Federation
President and Vice President, prepare draft police laws for all
- The agreement reached at the February
Rome Conference on the configuration of the city of Mostar, has
been implemented. Joint police patrols are continuing in the city's
work toward establishing freedom of movement throughout the city
for both groups. On October 15, the WEU turned over its police
monitoring responsibilities in the city center of Mostar to the
IPTF, which now oversees the Unified Police Force.
[end of document]
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