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U.S. Department of State

U.S. Department of State

Implementing the Dayton Peace Accords:
The Role of the High Representative and the OSCE

Released by the Bureau of Public Affairs, March 5, 1996

Effective, fast-moving international coordination of the myriad agencies, institutions, and activities supporting the Dayton Peace Accords is essential to the return of peace and stability in the region. The two key figures are the High Representative and the OSCE Mission Chief.

The High Representative

Annex 10 of the Dayton Peace Accords established the Office of the High Representative to coordinate and facilitate civilian aspects of the peace settlement, including humanitarian aid, economic reconstruction, protection of human rights, police, and elections.

Former Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt was named High Representative at the December London Conference on Civilian Implementation. Mr. Bildt's senior leadership team includes U.S. diplomat Jock Covey. Several other Americans are also working for the High Representative.

The High Representative reports to a Steering Board which includes the U.S. He chairs a Joint Civilian Commission (JCC) on implementation issues, which includes the IFOR commander and representatives from the parties and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

OSCE Mission

The Dayton Peace Accords give the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) responsibility for particular areas of civilian implementation, including arms control, human rights, and the supervision and monitoring of elections. The OSCE appointed former U.S. Ambassador Robert Frowick to head the OSCE mission, which has responsibility over the "in-country" aspects of the three areas listed above. Ambassador Frowick has moved quickly to establish a strong OSCE presence, appointing Danish, Russian, and British deputies, and deploying 13 delegations already throughout the country, with 17 more to be deployed by early March.

The OSCE has appointed an Ombudsman for human rights, Gret Haller, and is working with the parties and the Council of Europe to create, as mandated in Dayton, a Human Rights Chamber (court) with representation from the parties and the international community.

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Last Updated: March 5, 1996