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U.S. Department of State

U.S. Department of State

Safe and Secure Dismantlement of Nuclear Weapons in the New Independent States

Fact Sheet released on WWW by the Bureau of Public Affairs, March 20, 1996

The U.S. Congress established the Nunn-Lugar program authorizing Department of Defense funds to be spent in the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union for the non-proliferation and safe and secure dismantlement (SSD) of nuclear weapons. The Defense Department has committed a total of $1.54 billion (including FY 1996 proposals) in the form of implementing agreements with Russia, Ukraine, Kazakstan, and Belarus.

SSD assistance facilitates the denuclearization of Belarus, Kazakstan, and Ukraine and the dismantlement of weapons in Russia. Preventing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is another important goal; the U.S. will use its assistance for this critical problem as well.

Russia. The U.S. has agreed to provide Russia with over $750 million in assistance (including FY 1996 proposals). The two top priorities for this assistance have been strategic nuclear delivery vehicle dismantlement and construction of a storage facility for fissile material removed from dismantled weapons.

Ukraine. The U.S. has agreed to provide Ukraine with almost $400 million in assistance (including FY 1996 proposals). The vast majority of the U.S. assistance will be used to eliminate the missiles, their associated silos, and the bombers deployed in Ukraine. U.S. assistance will also focus on enhancing Ukraine's capability to prevent nuclear smuggling.

Kazakstan. The U.S. has agreed to provide about $170 million in Nunn-Lugar assistance to Kazakstan (including FY 1996 proposals). The largest portion of this assistance will be used to eliminate the SS-18 missiles, their associated silos, and strategic bombers deployed in Kazakstan. Other significant projects will protect nuclear material in Kazakstan from smuggling.

Belarus. Following Belarus' ratification of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty and the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the U.S. agreed to provide assistance totaling about $120 million (including FY 1996 proposals) to facilitate Belarus' transition to a non-nuclear state.

SSD Projects by Country -- figures below are proposed obligations through FY 1995 ($ millions):

RUSSIA

Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination......................162.00
Chemical Weapons Destruction.............................. 55.00
Fissile Material Storage Facility Equipment................75.00
Fissile Material Containers................................50.00
Fissile Material Storage Facility Design.................. 15.00
Weapons Security Storage....................................5.00
Weapons Security Transportation............................27.00
Industrial Partnerships....................................38.00
Defense Enterprise Fund....................................10.00
Defense and Military Contacts..............................11.55
Emergency Response Training/Equipment......................15.00
Material Control and Accountability........................45.00
International Science & Technology Center..................35.00
Export Control..............................................2.26
Security Enhancements for Russian Railcars................ 21.50
Armored Blankets............................................5.00
Arctic Nuclear Waste...................................... 30.00
Research and Development Foundation........................10.00

Total Russia 612.31

UKRAINE

Strategic Nuclear ArmsElimination.........................215.00
Nuclear Infrastructure Elimination........................ 10.00
Emergency Response Training/Equipment...................... 5.00
Industrial Partnerships....................................50.00
Defense and Military Contacts.............................. 5.03
Material Control and Accountability........................22.50
Science & Technology Center................................15.00
Export Control............................................ 13.26
Government-to-Government Communications.................... 2.40
Multilateral Nuclear Safety Initiative.................... 11.00

Total Ukraine............................................ 349.19

KAZAKSTAN

Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination......................70.00
Nuclear Infrastructure Elimination........................ 7.00
Emergency Response Training/Equipment......................5.00
Industrial Partnerships.................................. 15.00
Defense Enterprise Fund....................................7.00
Defense and Military Contacts..............................0.90
Material Control and Accountability........................8.00
Science & Technology Center................................9.00
Export Contro............................................ l7.26
Government-to-Government Communications Link.............. 2.30

Total Kazakstan..........................................131.46

BELARUS

Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination......................16.00
Emergency Response Training/Equipment......................5.00
Industrial Partnerships.................................. 20.00
Defense Enterprise Fund....................................5.00
Defense and Military Contacts..............................7.53
Material Control and Accountability........................3.00
Science & Technology Center................................5.00
Export Control............................................16.26
Continuous Communication Link..............................2.30
Site Restoration (Project Peace)..........................25.00

Total Belarus............................................105.09

OTHER

Defense Enterprise Fund....................................7.67
Other Assessments/Administrative Costs....................30.40

Total Other.............................................. 38.07

GRAND TOTAL............................................ 1236.12


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Last Updated: March 20, 1996