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OAS General Assembly Resolution on Peru

Released at the 30th OAS General Assembly, Windsor, Canada, June 5, 2000
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That the Preamble of the Charter of the OAS establishes that representative democracy is an indispensable condition for the stability, peace, and development of the region;

That under the provisions of the Charter, one of the basic purposes of the OAS is to promote and consolidate representative democracy, with due respect for the principle of non-intervention; and

The Commitment of Santiago on Democracy and the Renewal of the Inter-American System (1991), the Declaration of Managua (1993), and the Declarations and Plans of Action of the Summits of the Americas (Miami 1994 and Santiago 1998);

REAFFIRMING recognition of and support for OAS electoral observation missions;

NOTING the conclusions presented in the report of the Electoral Observation Mission to the Peru National Elections for the two electoral rounds held April 9 and May 28, 2000 and the presentation made by the Government of Peru;

CONCERNED that the credibility of both the process and the outcome of those elections has been undermined by persisting reports of irregularities that have not been satisfactorily addressed, including immediate electoral process concerns and existing institutional deficiencies;

RECOGNIZING that both Peru and the Electoral Observation Mission's report have called attention to the urgent need further to strengthen democratic institutions in that country, in particular the Judicial Branch, the Public Ministry, the Constitutional Tribunal and the National Council of Magistrates, together with reforming the electoral process and strengthening freedom of the press, and

RECOGNIZING FURTHER the invitation of Peru to send a Mission for the purpose of strengthening democratic institutions,


1. To send to Peru, immediately, a Mission comprising the Chair of the General Assembly and the Secretary General of the OAS with the purpose of exploring, with the Government of Peru and other sectors of the political community, options and recommendations aimed at further strengthening democracy in that country, in particular measures to reform the electoral process, including reform of judicial and constitutional tribunals, as well as strengthening freedom of the press.

2. To agree that the Mission report to OAS Foreign Ministers, in a manner to be determined by the Mission, in order to allow for full consideration of its findings and recommendations and to initiate follow-up as appropriate.

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