|Fact Sheet: The United States Government Border Security Assistance Programs in Kyrgyzstan
As released by the Office of the Spokesman, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, April 17, 2000
U.S. Department of State
Secretary Albright today announced that the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Kyrgyzstan will expand their cooperative efforts to improve border security in Central Asia. The United States intends to provide approximately $3 million in assistance, subject to the availability of funds, for equipment and training to help Kyrgyzstan combat terrorism and illicit trafficking in weapons of mass destruction (WMD), conventional arms and narcotics. These activities pose a serious threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all the Central Asian states and interfere with legitimate trade and commerce in the region. The proposed assistance would be provided through the following U.S. programs:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE:
ANTI-TERRORISM ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (ATA): ATA plans to provide Kyrgyzstan with additional training courses based on an anti-terrorism assessment planned for FY2000. Training has been proposed to help the Kyrgyzstan officials enhance their anti-terrorism skills. Additionally, Kyrgyzstan will be included in a regional Counterterrorism Conference to be hosted by the Office of Counterterrorism in Washington in June 2000.
NIS NONPROLIFERATION EXPORT CONTROL/BORDER SECURITY ASSISTANCE: Proposed assistance for focuses on providing equipment, training and infrastructure support to develop and strengthen border security detection, interdiction and enforcement capabilities of customs, border guard and other border security and law enforcement organizations. Assistance proposed also includes support for a dedicated communications link to facilitate Kyrgyzstan's exchange of information with its neighbors on border security problems and transnational threats. Kyrgyzstan has agreed to host the next Department of Commerce- sponsored Central Asia and Caucasus Regional Forum on regional economic integration issues in FY 2000.
BUREAU INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AFFAIRS (INL)/ COUNTERNARCOTICS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING: -- INL is providing Kyrgyzstan seven law enforcement courses in-country and proposes conducting an additional six courses. In addition, INL is providing Customs additional equipment support.
UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID) CENTRAL ASIA TRADE AND INVESTMENT PROJECT -- CUSTOMS REFORM: USAIDís activities in customs reform have focused on improving revenue collection and streamlining customs procedures. The program will focus on improving relations between Customs and the Kyrgyz tax authorities and the business community, and will further develop anti-corruption initiatives. USAID has provided a half-time customs advisor for the past two years.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD)
DOD/FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI) COUNTERPROLIFERATION PROGRAM: The U.S. proposes to provide additional equipment and weapons-related law enforcement training to deter, interdict and prevent possible proliferation and acquisition of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the NIS.
DOD/U.S. CUSTOMS SERVICE (USCS) COUNTERPROLIFERATION PROGRAM: For the U.S. to provide equipment under this program, a government-to-government counter-proliferation agreement between the U.S. and participating nation must be completed. The U.S. Government is in negotiations on such an agreement with Kyrgyzstan.
OTHER RELATED PROGRAMS: Several other U.S. assistance programs complement and supplement the above activities including the DOD Cooperative Threat Reduction/Defense and Military Contacts Program (with exchanges that focus on border defense issues); Partnership for Peace (PFP) Program (focus is on interoperability with NATO and provision of dual-use equipment that also enhances border guard capabilities); and International Military Education and Training (focus on English language and other training).
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